Before going into tech policy, I think its important to call out an incredible book The Master Switch by Tim Wu, a professor at Columbia. The book articulates in lurid detail the history of the information industries (media, communications and now Internet). Wu describes what is called ‘the Cycle’ wherein a new technology starts as a hacker movement, open to anyone, then a company comes and consolidates it, then monopoly or oligopoly takes hold, followed by stifling lobbying of public policy to maintain the entrenched status, followed by an industry break, and then the cycle repeats and the monopolies come back together again. AT&T is a great example of this. It WAS the phone company. It then broke into 8 Baby Bells with strict rules around them and is essentially back together again in 2 parts, AT&T and Verizon. After reading the book, the tactics of the TMT industries will start to make sense. The media and telecom industry and even the computer industry (MSFT, Apple, Facebook) tend to focus on policy that is doctorial and exclusionary as they grow bigger while having started from a more anarchic position when they first launched. It happens in every industry though the information industries are both sexy, alluring, influential and less tangible than say steel where its very clear how the players play (subsidies, tariffs etc… vs. more subtle in media).